Iconic african trees by earth touch news september 02 2014 its all about trees in our south african home base this week as the country celebrates arbor week. The trees are grouped into sections according to leaf shape, and each section is identified by a line drawing of the leaf group. With over 58 million people, it is the worlds 24thmost populous nation and covers an area of 1,221,037 kilometres 758,717 mi. Pine trees are not an indigenous feature of south african nature, were afraid.
Braam van wyk, a graduate of the universities of potchefstroom and pretoria, is a plant taxonomist by training, with a wide interest in the classification of the rich southern african flora. Most books on our indigenous trees provide a distribution map which will tell you which species occur naturally in your area. A study found the indigenous south african fruit, the wild plum harpephyllum caffrum to have more antioxidants than cranberries and blueberries. This africa grass guide includes facts, images and the latin names. This is a list of southern african trees, shrubs, suffrutices, geoxyles and lianes, and is intended to cover angola, botswana, lesotho, malawi, mozambique, namibia, south africa, swaziland, zambia and zimbabwe. Bauhinias are hardy and are suitable for beginners. A guide to tree species in the kruger national park, south africa. Pdf field guide to trees of southern africa semantic scholar. Secondary roots and rhizomes climatic and soil requirements.
Numnumcarissa these are enigmatic trees because i have seen very few bonsai carissa in south africa, while in the united states it is often mentioned in bonsai publications and occasionally seen in photographs. However, relatively few intentionally grow indigenous fruits. Well i am a simple person who got involved in fighting environmental issues some 17 years ago. South african tribes 10 famous tribes in south africa. An information guide on the grass species found in kruger national park. Gardens take many years to develop, but if you visit one of our tree nurseries and choose from.
The south african avocado growers association s aaga was formed in the late 1960s. Whereas in australia gangly gum trees from the genus eucalyptus and yellowflowered wattles from the genus acacia are celebrated national emblems, in south africa they are widely despised. From our humble beginnings in the early 80s, weve worked tirelessly to perfect production and supply methods that allow us to consistently produce south africas highest quality containergrown trees, destined for a long life in your garden. Field guide to trees of southern africa article pdf available in international journal of plant biology 31. Carl thunberg, of sweden, often regarded the father of south african botany christened this worldwide group of plus, scarlet flowering trees erythrina in the 1770s. Each species is illustrated by photographs of the diagnostic tree parts, which may include flowers, fruit, bark, or a combination of these. Some take the indigenous idea too far and demand to plant any kind of south african indigenous tree in their local nature reserve. This interactive version of braam and piet van wyks field guide to trees of southern africa is an essential field guide that describes over of the more common and accessible tree species found in the southern african region.
Field guide to trees of southern africa penguin random. Pdf the mainland region of africa is southern africa because it is considered to be robust with an estimate of around 1700 tree species that. Antifungal activity of leaf extracts from south african trees against plant pathogens. The healing power of african plants brand south africa. It has feathery, large, soft, bipinnate leaves with small hook thorns along the ribs on the underside. Adansonia digitata is known as baobab or the tree of life. Field guide to trees of southern africa penguin random house. A south africa where all have opportunities to build a better life. Among his more popular works are field guide to wild flowers of the highveld, field guide to trees of southern africa, a photographic guide to wild flowers of south africa and how to identify trees in. For instance, deforestation is associated with increased risk of malaria transmission due to an increase in mosquito breeding sites on cleared land and. South africa 30e food and agriculture organization. This report was incorporated in another report in 2000 and should be quoted thus. Sanbi biodiversity series 26 south african national. The south african national biodiversity institute sanbi was established on 1.
Field guide to trees of southern africa describes and illustrates more than 1 000 of these, focusing on trees that are the most common and most likely to be encountered. Plenty of african farmers grow commercially popular fruits that are exotic to the region, such as avocadoes, oranges, mangoes, and papayas. This entry was posted in environmental laws and legislation in south africa and tagged protected trees, protected trees list, south africa. The authors, recognized authorities on the subject, provide clues in the form of a classification system of identification, beginning with the biomes and vegetation types and then tree size, shape, and foliage.
A tiny beetle and its deadly fungus is threatening south. Apr 03, 2019 after arriving from southeast asia about four years ago, the polyphagous shothole borer has spread a thousand miles across south africa, from the eastern city of pietermaritzburg, where it was. Most of the acacia family trees like umbrella thorn have their taproots deeply rooted below the ground as their way of adaptation to survive the droughts. All south african macadamia producing areas increased their production in 2008.
Ceratocystis albifundus causes a serious wilt disease of australian acacia mearnsii trees in south africa. At december hot tropical summer comes to the republic of south africa. Photo guide to trees of southern africa request pdf. Van wyk and others published photo guide to trees of southern africa find, read and cite all the research you need on.
It is called the the tree of life because of its traditional value as the source of food, water, and shelter topped with superstition and legends. Strategy for plant taxonomic research in south africa 2015. Wikimedia commons has media related to flora of africa and trees in africa. Erythrina derives from the greek word erythros meaning red and inus meaning possession in latin.
Trees of south africa south african indigenous trees list. Species are logically arranged in 43 groups based on easytoobserve leaf and stem. All species of baobab trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their. Exotic trees found in south africa exotic trees national. In south africa, african ginger is distributed in mpumalanga and limpopo. See more ideas about african tree, trees to plant and african plants. This guide has species arranged in 43 logical groups based on easytoobserve leaf and stem characteristics.
Some of the susceptible trees are south african species that. South african indigenous fruits are fruits that are found in the wild, but are also commercially grown to be eaten fresh or processed into products such as jams or drinks. The mainland region of africa is southern africa because it is considered to be robust with an estimate of around 1700 tree species that are native and a couple 100 more that are alien, but have become accustomed to the natural environment. Rutherford, mc, midgley, gf, bond, wj, powrie, lw, roberts, r, allsopp, j 2000 plant biodiversity in. South africa has a plethora of iconic, indigenous trees that add to the beauty of south african biodiversity. East of approximately longitude 25 e, soils have formed under wet summer and dry winter conditions. Pdf identification guide to southern african grasses. Although the majority of south african macadamias are still exported to north america united states and canada and europe, sales volumes to these countries dropped to 68. Mar 14, 2016 carl thunberg, of sweden, often regarded the father of south african botany christened this worldwide group of plus, scarlet flowering trees erythrina in the 1770s. Fertilizer use by crop in south africa only fourteen percent of the total land area of south africa receives suf. A crude extract of leaves of some trees had such good antifungal activity that in the case of olinia ventosa diluting the acetone extract from 1 g of leaves to a volume of 5 l would still. A soil temperature of between 20 and 22 oc and air temperature of around 20 oc are suitable. This africa grass guide includes facts, images and the latin names of the grasses as well as where they can be found.
Veld types of south africa memoirs of the botanical survey of south africa 57. Baobab adansonia digitata, or baobab tree, was named in honour of michel adanson, the naturalist who first saw it in senegal, africa about 1750. My intention here is to provide interested persons with details that, due to space restraints, are not all available collectively in text books or on all websites at the moment. South africa officially the republic of south africa or abbreviated to rsa has always been one of the most beautiful places on the planet. The flora acts as the natural habitat for the many different animal species that call south africa home, and is a key contributing agent for the biodiversity and ecological health and wealth of. In brackets, i have included explanations for some of the fairly formidable vocabulary used in many descriptions. Indlulamithi south africa scenarios 2030 is a multistakeholder, research driven initiative that seeks to re invigorate our search, as a nation, for ways to create a society where all people experience a sense of belonging and solidarity. South african indigenous fruits are fruits that are found in the wild, but are also commercially grown to be eaten fresh or processed into products such as.
This africa tree guide includes descriptive information, images and the latin names of trees, as well as where they can be found. See more ideas about tree, tree of life, african tree. Acacia brevispica senegalia brevispica is a hardy, semideciduous, robust, prickly, scrambling acacia that can be trained into a large beautiful shrub. Species are logically arranged in 43 groups based on easytoobserve leaf and stem features, and each account is illustrated by fullcolour photographs of the plants diagnostic parts.
The seeds for various types of pine trees were first bought over in the 17th century, at the. The irrigated area accounts for less than ten percent of the total arable area but provides. This is a country where almost no end to the attractions you can see each person, as the variety of landscapes and activities here are limitless. Nov 25, 2008 brand south africa reporter the rich potential of african plants to produce new medicines to combat illness and create profitable agricultural businesses was a key part of discussion at the fourth world congress on medicinal and aromatic plants wocmap, held at the international convention centre in cape town from 9 to 14 november. The diversity and abundance of south african plants is impressive, and is one of the reasons that south africa is such a popular tourist destination. It is also used informally in the same way we would say field, as we are going into the field this afternoon. Poaceae, ehrhartoideae is an african genus ranging from south africa to ethiopia and yemen that includes approximately 35 species fish et al. Common trees of southern africa african wildlife safari. List of southern african indigenous trees and woody lianes. The mainland region of africa is southern africa because it is considered to be robust with an estimate of around 1700 tree species that are native and a couple.
Africa grass guide an information guide on the grass species found in kruger national park. Spring or summer is the ideal time for planting african ginger. These sections of the continent are diverse in their climate, soil, topography and vegetation, which invariably influence the array and distribution of african floristic diversity. The lists of infested trees from california include important crop trees like avocado, macadamia, pecan, peach, orange and grapevine. Trees of all kinds provide immeasurable ecosystem services, including carbon sequestration, continual replenishment of soil, and removal of pollutants from air. Others described tropical africa as subsaharan africa excluding south african republic and the few countries enmeshed in it 9. Pdf field guide to trees of southern africa researchgate. This field guide to the trees of southern africa covers approximately 900 of the species found in the region. South africa blue sky publications pty ltd ta thesouthafrican number. Many south africans believe that species of acacia, eucalyptus, and hakea from australia constitute one of the greatest. Unlike the deciduous and citrus industries in south africa, marketing of avocados has never been subject to statutory control. Forestry department food and agriculture organization of the. Pages in category trees of south africa the following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total. Africa grass guide grasses in kruger national park.
The mission of saaga is to improve the economic viability of producing, packing and marketing of avocados. This is a list of southern african trees, shrubs, suffrutices, geoxyles and lianes, and is intended to cover angola, botswana, lesotho, malawi, mozambique, namibia, south africa, swaziland, zambia and zimbabwe the notion of indigenous is of necessity a blurred concept, and is clearly a function of both time and political boundaries. Veld pronounced felt is the south african term for the natural vegetation, landscape or countryside. The first list of southern african plants published from precis was the list of species of southern african plants gibbs russell et al. Southern africa has a rich variety of tree species, with an estimated 2 100 indigenous species and more than 100 naturalised aliens. South african country studies on climate change report on vulnerability of vegetation to climate change. Exotic trees with a full list of all such trees found in south africa, with detailed names and information on this category of trees. Field guide to trees of southern africa field guide to. Antifungal activity of leaf extracts from south african. I realise that this can be a conflict in mind for many people. Field guide to trees of southern africa braam van wyk.
Regus business centre 1st floor, block b, north park, black river park, 2 fir street. Beetle infestation is killing south africas trees and no. African ginger is propagated by seeds, rhizomes or tissue culture. Acacia brevispica is a hardy, semideciduous, robust, prickly, scrambling acacia that can be trained into a large beautiful shrub. Here is a list of festivals that are actively celebrated in south africa. Sanbi biodiversity series 26 pretoria 2015 strategy for plant taxonomic research in south africa 20152020 j.
It is one of the south african trees that grow up to twentyfive meters high. South africa, officially the republic of south africa rsa, is the southernmost country in africa. Identifying the trees of southern africa is a formidable challenge. From our humble beginnings in the early 80s, weve worked tirelessly to perfect production and supply methods that allow us to consistently produce south africa s highest quality containergrown trees, destined for a long life in your garden. Exotic trees found in south africa exotic trees national list.1464 1083 1448 14 704 1504 1571 942 104 419 1128 536 1304 661 657 573 181 771 1663 679 1664 1008 1113 804 342 1404 1061 878 757 1309 1019 345 1150 436 1382 713 883 712 874